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# Maths (Primary)

At Starbank School, our Mathematics curriculum follows the guidance set out in the 2014 National Curriculum.  It equips pupils with the ability to work fluently with numbers and mathematical concepts, as well as developing the skills of logical reasoning, problem-solving and the ability to think in abstract ways.

### EYFS

In Nursery and Reception, mathematics is taught daily and forms part of many interactive learning experiences. Pupils develop their knowledge and understanding of mathematics through play, exploration and small-group, teacher-led sessions.  The learning environments in Nursery and Reception include visual images, models and number resources to stimulate interest. Children are given ample opportunity to develop their understanding of number, measurement, pattern, shape and space, through varied activities that allow them to enjoy, explore, practise and talk confidently about mathematics. Mathematical resources are readily available both indoors and in the outside learning environment.  At this stage, children gain an understanding of number and learn to count, read, write and order numbers to 20. Using quantities and objects, they add and subtract two single-digit numbers, counting on or back to find the answer.  Children work with shapes and begin to learn their properties; use language to give positional clues and compare quantities and they start to identify and recreate patterns.

### Primary Phase

From years 1 to 5, children are taught in mixed ability classes.  In Year 6 they are taught in ability groups which are usually smaller than a whole-class group.  Mathematics lessons take place daily, usually in the morning, and last for 1 hour on average.

In Key Stage 1, children build on the foundations established in EYFS, working with increasingly bigger numbers and more difficult concepts.  At this stage, there is still a strong focus on the use of concrete objects to embed new concepts, before moving on to pictorial and then abstract representations.  Pupils start to use written strategies for calculations and gain a basic understanding of fractions.  They build on their understanding of 2D and 3D shapes and different forms of measurement.  They also start to look at how data is presented in different formats.  Becoming fluent on the basics of mathematics is a priority, but pupils are encouraged daily to apply this understanding to a range of problems and to explain their understanding using mathematical language.

In Key Stage 2, children again become more adept at working with larger numbers and increasingly difficult concepts.  Through to Year 6, a high focus is still put on using practical resources when introducing new concepts so that pupils don’s just ‘do’ the Maths, but understand the process behind it.  Pupils are encouraged to explain their reasoning on a daily basis and apply their understanding to a range of problems.  We aim for our pupils to ‘master’ Maths – to have a deep, long-term, secure and adaptable understanding of the subject and to finish Year 6 as highly confident and competent mathematicians.

## Maths Curriculum Map

### Year 1

Autumn 1
Number – Place Value (within 10)

Number – Addition and Subtraction (within 10)

Autumn 2
Number – Place Value (within 20)

Number – Addition and Subtraction (within 20)

Geometry – Shape

Spring 1
Number – Place Value (within 50)

Measurement – Length and height

Measurement – Weight

Spring 2
Measurements – Volume

Number – Multiplication and Division

Fractions

Summer 1
Fractions

Number – Place Value – (within 100)

Geometry – Position and direction

Measurement – Money

Summer 2
Measurement – Time

Number – Place Value (within 100)

Number – Addition and Subtraction (within 20)

### Year 2

Autumn 1
Number – Place Value

Autumn 2
Measurement – Money

Multiplication and Division

Spring 1
Statistics

Geometry – Properties of Shape

Geometry – Position and Direction

Spring 2
Fractions

Measurement – Length and Height

Measurement – Mass, Capacity and Temperature

Time

Summer 1
Time

Fraction and Money (Recap)

Number consolidation (Recap)

Summer 2
Multiplication and Division (Recap)

Measurement (Recap)

Number – Place Value (Recap)

### Year 3

Autumn 1
Place Value

Autumn 2
Subtraction

Multiplication and Division

Spring 1
Fractions

Measurement – Money

Spring 2
Measurement – Money

Statistics

Measurement – Length

Summer 1
Time

Measurement – Mass and Capacity

Summer 2
Geometry

Number – Place Value

### Year 4

Autumn 1
Number – place value

Autumn 2

Multiplication and Division

Spring 1
Measurement – Area and Perimeter

Fractions

Spring 2
Decimals

Money

Summer 1
Time

Statistics

Summer 2
Geometry

Number – Place Value

### Year 5

Autumn 1
Number – Place Value

Multiplication and Division

Autumn 2
Multiplication and Division

Area and Perimeter

Statistics

Spring 1
Statistics

Fractions

Spring 2
Decimals and Percentages

Decimals

Summer 1
Geometry – Properties of shapes

Geometry – Position and Movement

Converting Units

Summer 2
Converting Units

Place value and calculations

### Year 6

Autumn 1
Place Value

Fractions

Autumn 2
Fractions

Decimals

Percentages

Algebra

Spring 1
Algebra

Measurement

Geometry

Spring 2
Statistics

Ratio

Consolidation

Summer 1
Consolidation

Algebra

Summer 2
Ratio

Statistics

Geometry

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