Year 5 – Summer 2 – Week 5

English Topic:
Explanation Texts

Maths Topic:
Division (Long division)

Non-core Topic:
The Mayans

Physical Activity

Some resources on this page have been produced by Twinkl who have kindly let Starbank School use them for the home learning pages during the school closure. If you want to access more resources made by Twinkl please visit and use offer code: CVDTWINKLHELPS for free access to their entire resource collection.








LO: To explore a range of explanation texts

What is an explanation text? What is its purpose? Why? Are they always in a written format?

Watch the video to help understand explanation texts.

Remember: Explanation texts explain WHY something happens and not just HOW something happens

You will find examples of explanations texts within your own homes, e.g. non-fiction books, instructions on how to use an appliance (microwave, dishwasher etc)


Read the explanation text: ‘The Teacher Pleaser’ machine and answer the following questions:

  1. Why is the title useful?
  2. Is the text in a logical order?
  3. What tense are they written in?
  4. How many causal or time connectives can you spot?
  5. Why have diagrams/ charts/ illustrations been used?
  6. How is the page set out?
  7. How many technical words can you spot?
  8. Does it sound personal or impersonal?
  9. Who is this aimed at? How do you know? (audience)

EXT/Challenge: can you find an explanation text in your house and answer the above questions?

Did you notice any similarities? Differences?

Week 5, Monday, English, Summer 2


LO: TO use Primary and secondary sources to gather research on Mayan Pyramids.

Revisit the 3D tour of Mayan ruins from our first lesson

Can you remember why Mayns pyramids were so high? Why they had so many steps?

TASK: use these links to gather as much information as you can on Mayan Pyramids.

Try to answer the following questions:

Were all Mayan pyramids the same?

What were they used for?

How high were they?

Why were the tops flat?

How did they stop the unworthy from reaching the top?

Can you name some Mayan Pyramids

Challenge: How did they differ from Egyptian Pyramids? Find two ways?

Find one similarity between Mayan and Egyptian Pyramids


LO: To divide 3 digit numbers by 1 digit applying the long division method.

Watch this video on long division:

Look at system and steps below: This makes it easy to do long division.

Activity: Use the long division method to solve the questions below.

Task: PE: 

PE- Join Joe Wicks at 9am each morning for a live 30min P.E lesson

Gymnastic task- Performance 

Practice your routine that you made earlier in the week. Could you put it to music? Showcase your routine to your family by putting on your own gymnastics performance. You could film it ready to share with your teacher when we go back to school. 



LO: To analyse the language used in explanation texts

What do we mean by language used in a text? Why and how is language important?

What can you remember about imperative (bossy) verbs? What do they do? Can you give some examples?

Read the explanation text, The Tidy Your Bedroom Machine.

Certain words and phrases have been highlighted in different colours. Why?

What language features are they? For example, the sentences highlighted in red are examples of rhetorical questions and have been used to make the reader think about the current state of their own bedroom and how it could be cleaned easily.

Do the same for all language features highlighted.

Think about:

  • Tense
  • Type of conjunctions/connective
  • Pronouns
  • Verb type
  • Technical vocabulary

Which features are important? Why are they needed in an explanation text?


Go back to yesterday’s text, the Teacher Pleaser machine and identify the language features.

Week 5, Tuesday, English, Summer 2


LO: To use drawing or modelling to create an accurate Mayan Pyramid

TASK: Today you are going to create and label your own Mayan Pyramid using the facts your gathered yesterday and the links below. You can either draw a Mayan Pyramid or build one.

Drawing: Use this youtube tutorial to draw an accurate Mayan Pyramid. You can stop and start the video as many times as you like. He does go quite quickly so don’t worry if it’s too fast, just stop it and start again when you’re ready.

Once you’re done don’t forget to add all your facts from yesterday.

Building: Use this youtube clip to build your own Mayan pyramid. If you have a printer you can print a template, If not you can cut out the shapes from looking at the video. You will need scissors and cardboard. The video using a hot glue cut but you can use tape instead.

Once you’re finished you could colour or paint your pyramid. Remember to add your facts from yesterday –You could stick them on and write them around your model.

Challenge: Take a picture of your drawing or model and send it to your teacher to see.


LO: To divide 4 digit numbers by 1 digit numbers by applying the long division method.

Use the long division method you learnt yesterday to solve these:



Task: PSHE:

Independence Day

July 4th is Independence Day, or America’s birthday.


What 5 facts did you learn about America’s Independence Day?

What else would you like to research? You could find out more about Thomas Jefferson or the Liberty Bell! Just make sure an adult supervises you when conducting research on the internet.



LO: To retrieve information from an explanation text

What does the word retrieve mean?How does this skill help a reader?

Today, you will have an explanation text to read about the Mayans and The History of Chocolate. You will then need to create some retrieval style questions for another member of you family to answer. Make sure you get some feedback from them about the questions you asked. You can either write the questions down for them or ask them orally.

I have included some retrieval question stems to help you below:

  • How would you describe this story/text? What genre is it? How do you know?
  • How did…?
  • How often…?
  • Who had…? Who is…? Who did…?
  • What happened to…?
  • What can you learn about ___ from this section?
  • Give one example of…?
  • The story is told from whose perspective?

Ext/Challenge: Can you develop some other questions about the text using a different VIPERS skill?

Week 5, Wednesday, English, Summer 2


LO: To investigate possible reasons for the changes to Mayan civilisation.

TASK: Use the video and text on this link to answer the following questions.

  1. Around 900 AD- 1150AD many Mayan cities in the south collapsed and Mayan people were forced to move further north. What are the 4 possible reasons that caused the Mayans to move?
  2. Which group of people arrived in Southern/Central America and burnt many Mayan cities?
  3. Can you name 3 disrespectful things these people did to the Mayans?
  4. How many Mayan people are there alive int he world today?
  5. Where do Modern Mayan people now live?

Challenge – The group of people who invaded the Mayan civilisations were not very respectful to their traditions and beliefs, why do you think this might be?


LO: To solve problems when dividing.

8934 ÷ 3=




Task: RE:

LO: To explore creativity in different places of worship and its significance.

Watch the attached video about different places of worship (Week 5, RE, Summer 2).

What do you notice about the different types of artistic representation in different places of worship?

For example, in Islam, neither prophets nor Allah are represented in drawings. Mosques are therefore beautifully decorated by tessellated patterns.



To research how chocolate makes its journey from seed to a chocolate bar

What do you already know about chocolate? How do you think chocolate is made? How long does it take? Is it a quick journey?


Watch the below videos to help you understand the different stages in the chocolate making process. You may find some more websites or written information from your research.

There are 3 key stages in the chocolate making process. These are:

  1. Growing
  2. Harvesting
  3. Processing

For each section, there are some key questions that will need answering. Keep your research safe as you will need it for next week’s English work.


What does growing mean?

  • Where are cacao beans grown? Why?
  • Where are the growing conditions needed for the beans?
  • How long do they need to grow?
  • How big do the cacao beans grow?


What does harvesting mean?

  • What is the harvesting process?
  • What does it involve?
  • How are the means harvested? (machinery/hand – why?)
  • How do the farmers know when the beans are ready to harvest?
  • How long are the beans fermented?


What does processing mean?

  • How are the beans dried? WHY?
  • What does winnowing mean?
  • How long does it take?
  • What is the end product called?
  • What happens to the liquid?


Find some interesting facts for each othe above section to make you explanation text more fun and interesting. Make sure you understand any technical vocabulary and spell them correctly. Are there any pictures/images/diagrams that are useful?

Get you family involved in the research and share information you have learnt.

This research will take you at least 2 days to complete well.

Pictures of the different stages have been added to the resources to help your understanding. You do not need to print them off.

Week 5, Thursday, English, Summer 2


LO: To explore the impact of Mayan culture on today’s world.

Yesterday you discovered that the Spanish invaded the Mayan lands, burning their cities and books and making them slaves. The Spanish also took things from the Mayan (and other tribal groups such as the Aztecs and Incas).

TASK: use the link to answer these questions

  1. What did the Mayans grow?
  2. How did they consume the plant (food, drink) and what did it taste like?
  3. How do we know this plant was important to the Mayan people?
  4. What did the Spanish take back to Europe with them after they invaded Maya?
  5. By which date had chocolate become well enjoyed by the rich people of the Spanish court?
  6. What ingredients did Europeans add to the traditional recipe?
  7. When was the first chocolate bar created?


Challenge: How would modern day life be different without the Mayan people? OR if the Spanish hadn’t invaded them?

Do you know the name of the chocolate factory here in Birmingham?  


LO: To divide with remainders.

Watch this video (song) to help you remember the steps for long division with remainders:

See the image below to learn how to do long division with remainders.

Follow these steps:

Divide, Multiply, Subtract, Bring down



Task: Computing:

Today you will be practicing making 3D designs, based upon a monster from the myths we have been looking at.

First, you will need to log into MEE.

Then go to


‘View Library’

‘Monthly Build Challenges’

Then scroll down to find ‘Monster Mashup’

Then ‘Create World’

When the world opens you will be presented with an already created monster and a space next to it!

You will then have to try and recreate one of the monsters from the myths you have been looking at!

If you want an even greater challenge, see if you can mix together three different mythical creatures!



To research how chocolate makes its journey from seed to a chocolate bar

Complete research from yesterday.


LO:  To collate and present our new knowledge about Mayans.

Think back over the last 3 weeks, what are all the different things you have learnt about Mayan people and their civilisation?

Can you list the different areas and topics you’ve learnt about?

TASK: Pick some of your favourite Mayan topics and create a fact file, poster or powerpoint presentation.  You could focus on all the facts you’ve learnt or create a poster about one area you found particularly interesting. Here are all the Mayan topics you’ve learnt about which you could use:

  • Mayan buildings and temples
  • Mayan life and how it differs to today
  • Mayan Religion and Gods
  • Mayan Art
  • Mayan masks
  • Mayan games and hobbies
  • Mayan food and the start of chocolate
  • How the Mayan civilisation changed and declined
  • The impact of the Spanish conquest on the Mayans


Challenge- could you email your presentation or fact file to your teacher? or present it to your family?


LO: To solve problems that involve dividing.  with the long division method.


Episodes of Mr.Bean lasts 25 minutes. How many can I watch in 2 hours?

-Firstly you must covert 2 hours into minutes.

1 hour= 60 minutes so,

2 hours= 120 minutes

-So the question is asking 120÷25=

-Now do the long division method to solve this.

-Subtract, Multiply, Divide, Bring down.

Activity: Solve the word problems using the long division method.


Task: Spanish:

Shopping like a local

Can you remember the conversation we learnt last week? Let’s recap in this matching up game:

In today’s lesson you are going to watch a video about “How to explore a Spanish market like a local” by James Blick. He has a Youtube channel all about exploring Spain and Spanish culture. Watch his video about the market and think about the differences we find in an English market.

If it leaves you more intrigued, you are more than advised to watch any of his videos about Spain, they are really interesting!

Get in Touch

Visit our Contact Us page to find out the best way to get in touch with Starbank School, or fill in the contact form.